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June 12, 2021 - October 24, 2021

Retainers of Anarchy is a solo exhibition featuring new work from Howie Tsui that considers wuxia as a narrative tool for dissidence and resistance. Wuxia, a traditional form of martial arts literature that expanded into 20th-century popular film and television, was created out of narratives and characters often from lower social classes that uphold chivalric ideals against oppressive forces during unstable times. The People’s Republic of China placed wuxia under heavy censorship for fear of arousing anti-government sentiment. However, practitioners advanced the form in Hong Kong making it one of the most popular genres of Chinese fiction.

The title work, Retainers of Anarchy, is a 25-metre scroll-like video installation that references life during the Song dynasty (960–1279 CE) and more recent digitizations of historical scrolls. Tsui’s version undermines the idealized portraiture of social cohesion found in the digitized scrolls by setting the narrative in Kowloon’s notorious walled city—an ungoverned tenement of disenfranchised refugees in Hong Kong which was demolished in 1994.


Collaboratively organized by the Vancouver Art Gallery, Art Gallery of Great Victoria and the Ottawa Art Gallery. The Art Gallery of Greater Victoria iteration curated by Michelle Jacques.

L-R: Howie Tsui, Retainers of Anarchy, 2016 (detail), algorithmic animation sequence, 5-channel video projection, 6-channel audio, Collection of the Vancouver Art Gallery, Purchased with proceeds from the Audain Emerging Artists Acquisition Fund, Photo: Rachel Topham, Vancouver Art Gallery, Howie Tsui, Retainers of Anarchy, 2016, key frame drawing for algorithmic animation sequence. Courtesy of the Artist.
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